Need for the National Rail Plan

Need for the National Rail Plan

The Indian Railway Network is a key component of the Country’s Transport System. Transporting goods and passengers on a massive scale, the Indian Railways plays a critical role in India’s economic as well as social fabric, not to mention the security and cross-border strategic linkages. Pragmatic development of Indian Railway Network as part of the country’s overall multi-modal transport system is therefore, very important

In view of above, National Rail Plan (NRP 2030) was announced in Railway Budget 2016-17 which states that:

“112. National Rail Plan : In order to provide long-term perspective to planning for augmenting the railway network, we have decided to develop ‘National Rail Plan’ (NRP-2030) in consultation with all the stakeholders including State Governments, public representatives and other relevant Central Ministries. NRP-2030 will endeavour to harmonise and integrate the rail network with other modes of transport and create synergy for achieving seamless multi-modal transportation network across the country. This will also achieve the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s vision of integrated planning and cost optimization of the transportation network by laying the new railway lines and new highways together in tunnels and over mega-bridges.”

Keeping above announcement in view, a National Rail Plan 2030 is to be formulated. The Plan shall be suggesting Railway Infrastructure to be created by 2030 with a horizon year of 2050. Following important aspects need to be kept in view while formulating the Plan:

  1. Railway Infrastructural deficiencies in various parts of the country.
  2. Movement of coal, iron ore, food grains, fertilisers, petroleum oils based opon sources and destinations like location of refineries and power plants etc.
  3. Future freight corridors
  4. Strategic requirements on Indo-China, Indo-Pakistan borders.
  5. Connectivity to ports (existing and upcoming) and waterways.
  6. Connectivity to tourist, religious and commercially important places.
  7. Faster movement between important cities of the country.
  8. Integration of multi-modal transportation.
  9. Trans-Asian Rail (TAR) network.